Michelle Obama’s final speech as First Lady

Tous les verbes irréguliers

abide abode abode demeurer
arise arose arisen s’élever, survenir
awake awoke awoken (se) réveiller
bear bore borne supporter
beat beat beaten battre
become became become devenir
begin began begun commencer
bend bent bent (se) courber
bet bet bet parier
bid bid bid offrir (un prix)
bind bound bound lier, relier
bite bit bitten mordre
bleed bled bled saigner
blow blew blown souffler
break broke broken casser
breed bred bred élever (du bétail)
bring brought brought apporter
build built built construire
burn burnt burnt brûler
burst burst burst éclater
buy bought bought acheter
cast cast cast jeter, lancer
catch caught caught attraper
choose chose chosen choisir
cling clung clung s’accrocher
come came come venir
cost cost cost coûter
creep crept crept ramper
cut cut cut couper
deal dealt dealt distribuer
dig dug dug creuser
do did done faire
draw drew drawn dessiner
dream dreamt dreamt rêver
drink drank drunk boire
drive drove driven conduire
dwell dwelt dwelt habiter
eat ate eaten manger
fall fell fallen tomber
feed fed fed nourrir
feel felt felt sentir, éprouver
fight fought fought combattre
find found found trouver
flee fled fled s’enfuir
fling flung flung jeter violemment
fly flew flown voler
forbid forbade forbidden interdire
forget forgot forgotten oublier
forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
freeze froze frozen geler
get got got obtenir
give gave given donner
go went gone aller
grind ground ground moudre
grow grew grown grandir
hang hung hung pendre, accrocher
have had had avoir
hear heard heard entendre
hide hid hidden (se) cacher
hit hit hit frapper, atteindre
hold held held tenir
hurt hurt hurt blesser
keep kept kept garder
kneel knelt knelt s’agenouiller
know knew known savoir, connaître
lay laid laid poser à plat
lead led led mener
lean leant leant s’appuyer
leap leapt leapt sauter
learn learnt learnt apprendre
leave left left laisser, quitter
lend lent lent prêter
let let let permettre, louer
lie lay lain être étendu
light lit lit allumer
lose lost lost perdre
make made made faire, fabriquer
mean meant meant signifier
meet met met (se) rencontrer
mow mowed mown tondre
overcome overcame overcome surmonter, vaincre
pay paid paid payer
put put put mettre
quit quit quit cesser (de)
read read read lire
rid rid rid débarrasser
ride rode ridden chevaucher
ring rang rung sonner
rise rose risen s’élever, se lever
run ran run courir
saw sawed sawn scier
say said said dire
see saw seen voir
seek sought sought chercher
sell sold sold vendre
send sent sent envoyer
set set set fixer
sew sewed sewn coudre
shake shook shaken secouer
shear sheared shorn tondre (des moutons)
shed shed shed verser (des larmes)
shine shone shone briller
shoe shod shod ferrer, chausser
shoot shot shot tirer
show showed shown montrer
shrink shrank shrunk rétrécir
shut shut shut fermer
sing sang sung chanter
sink sank sunk couler
sit sat sat être assis
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid glisser
sling slung slung lancer (avec force)
slink slunk slunk aller furtivement
slit slit slit fendre, inciser
smell smelt smelt sentir (odorat)
sow sowed sown semer
speak spoke spoken parler
speed sped sped aller à toute vitesse
spell spelt spelt épeler
spend spent spent dépenser
spill spilt spilt renverser (un liquide)
spit spat spat cracher
split split split fendre
spoil spoilt spoilt gâcher, gâter
spread spread spread répandre
spring sprang sprung jaillir, bondir
stand stood stood être debout
steal stole stolen voler, dérober
stick stuck stuck coller
sting stung stung piquer
stink stank stunk puer
stride strode stridden marcher à grands pas
strike struck struck frapper
string strung strung enfiler, tendre (une corde)
strive strove striven s’efforcer
swear swore sworn jurer
sweep swept swept balayer
swell swelled swollen enfler
swim swam swum nager
swing swung swung se balancer
take took taken prendre
teach taught taught enseigner
tear tore torn déchirer
tell told told dire, raconter
think thought thought penser
throw threw thrown jeter
thrust thrust thrust enfoncer
tread trod trodden fouler aux pieds
undergo underwent undergone subir
understand understood understood comprendre
upset upset upset bouleverser
wake woke woken (se) réveiller
wear wore worn porter (des vêtements)
weave wove woven tisser
weep wept wept pleurer
win won won gagner
wind wound wound enrouler
withdraw withdrew withdrawn (se) retirer
wring wrung wrung tordre
write wrote written écrire

Boxing Day – the Day after Christmas

Boxing Day takes place on December 26th and is only celebrated in a few countries; mainly ones historically connected to the UK (such as Australia, South Africa and New Zealand) and in many European countries. In Germany it is known as « Zweite Feiertag” (which means ‘second celebration’)!

It was started in the UK about 800 years ago, during the Middle Ages. It was the day when the alms box, collection boxes for the poor often kept in churches, were traditionally opened so that the contents could be distributed to poor people. Some churches still open these boxes on Boxing Day.

It might have been the Romans that first brought this type of collecting box to the UK, but they used them to collect money for the betting games which they played during their winter celebrations!

The Christmas Carol, Good King Wenceslas, is set on Boxing Day and is about a King in the Middle Ages who brings food to a poor family.

It was also traditional that servants got the day off to celebrate Christmas with their families on Boxing Day. Before World War II, it was common for working people (such as milkmen and butchers) to travel round their delivery places and collect their Christmas box or tip. This tradition has now mostly stopped and any Christmas tips, given to people such as postal workers and newspaper delivery children, are not normally given or collected on Boxing Day.

Boxing Day has now become another public holiday in countries such as the UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It is also the traditional day that Pantomimes started to play.

There are also often sports played on Boxing Day in the UK, especially horse racing and football matches! It’s also when shops traditionally had big sales after Christmas in the UK (like Black Friday in the USA).

The 26th December is also St. Stephen’s Day. Just to confuse things, there are two St. Stephens in history! The first St. Stephen was a very early follower of Jesus and was the first Christian Martyr (a person who dies for their religious beliefs). He was stoned to death by Jews who didn’t believe in Jesus.

The second St. Stephen was a Missionary, in Sweden, in the 800s. He loved all animals but particularly horses (perhaps why there is traditionally horse racing on boxing day). He was also a martyr and was killed by pagans in Sweden. In Germany there was a tradition that horses would be ridden around the inside of the church during the St. Stephen’s Day service!

St. Stephen’s Day (or ‘the feast of Stephen’) is when the Carol ‘Good King Wenceslas‘ is set. It’s about helping the poor – so it has a strong connection to Boxing Day.